Laboratory Fellows from 1981 to the present
(Biographical sketches at the time of induction)
Michael Bernardin is considered the nation’s expert in electromagnetic pulse (EMP) physics created by high-altitude nuclear detonations, and he is nationally recognized for his understanding of weapons physics. He has authored or co-authored more than 250 classified publications. His expertise is solicited at the highest levels, representing the Laboratory and National Nuclear Security Administration through his testimonies to various committees and assessment teams.
The NNSA Defense Programs Advisory Committee considers Bernardin “highly credible with an unimpeachable standard for technical credibility.”
Bernardin co-founded the Theoretical Institute for Thermonuclear and Nuclear Studies (TITANS) program to train and sustain nuclear weapons scientists when nuclear testing ceased, and was the principal author of its textbook. Since its inception, more than 600 scientists from across the Laboratory have attended TITANS classes, bringing a new generation of talent into the Laboratory’s core mission.
Avadh Saxena has shown how materials modeling methods can be used to answer many key questions in materials science, thereby becoming an international authority in phase transitions in both functional materials and nonlinear excitations in low-dimensional electronic materials. He is influential as a collaborator and intellectual leader over a broad range of materials and condensed matter physics, with almost 5,000 citations of his work. Saxena has an impressive list of international collaborations, invited talks, publications, and service on advisory boards, and was elected an American Physics Society Fellow in 2014 “for foundational contributions to phase transitions in functional materials and nonlinear excitations in low-dimensional electronic materials.” His work on phase transformations has proven valuable to the Laboratory’s Advanced Strategic Computing Program and helped clarify a detailed mechanism for the alpha to delta phase transformation in plutonium.
Carlos Tome is known as one of the world’s leading experts in the micromechanics of polycrystalline metals and possesses an outstanding publication record, with more than 11,000 citations that have far-reaching and influential impacts. He has co-authored a now-classic reference book in the field of materials modeling, Texture and Anisotropy, a book with more than 1,400 citations. His influence outside of Los Alamos is extensive. For example, a symposium was held in his honor in 2011 at The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society (TMS) annual meeting, which included more than 90 presentations by researchers from all over the world. TMS’s Structural Materials Division awarded the 2013 Distinguished Scientist/Engineer Award to Tome. The theories, models, and numerical codes that he has developed with colleagues are widely used by academia, national laboratories, and industry.
Piotr Zelenay has made sustained contributions in the field of catalysis. His discovery of non-platinum group catalytic activity is a well-recognized advance in fuel cell technology.
He has headed a large, sustained effort in fuel cell technology supported by the Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy since 2007, forming a cornerstone of Los Alamos’s successful fuel cell program, and spinning off next-generation energy technologies. His continued high-level achievement is reflected in more than 150 publications with 6,700 total citations, as well as 18 patents (granted or in process). His work is generally considered among the very best worldwide; for example, his paper on non-platinum group catalysis in the journal Nature has over 800 citations.
Christopher Fryer is a widely recognized authority in astrophysics and is an American Physical Society fellow, a former Feynman Fellow, and he has been at Los Alamos 15 years. He is recognized for his supernova core collapse modeling work, able to model, predict, and explain observations (e.g. from NASA’s Swift mission), which broke ground by moving to 3-dimensional modeling assimilation. He has made valuable contributions to aid NASA in defining future astrophysics missions, and he sustains a wide range of collaborations with broader physics facilities. He is also involved in nuclear stockpile science, extending computer code capabilities especially in the areas of verification and validation.
Herbert Funsten is recognized as a world-renowned experimental space scientist and has led science instruments on NASA’s Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) and Van Allen Probes missions and national security instruments on the DOE’s SABRS Validation Experiment (SAVE) and Space and Atmospheric Burst Reporting System (SABRS) payloads, while also participating in NASA’s Cassini, Two Wide-angle Imaging Neutral-atom Spectrometers (TWINS), Deep Space 1, Mars Odyssey, and Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) missions. He has made outstanding contributions to heliophysics as the principal investigator on the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) instrument that first discovered the “ribbon” of neutral atom emission from the Sun’s interaction with the interstellar medium. He has provided outstanding scientific leadership at Los Alamos as the Intelligence and Space Research Division chief scientist, former director of the Center for Space Science and Exploration, and dedicated service to the Laboratory Directed Research and Development program. He is also a recognized mentor, winning the Women’s Career Development Award.
John Gordon has 18 years of distinguished service at Los Alamos where he has become an international leader in inorganic chemistry and chemical transformations. He has excelled in three disparate areas of inorganic chemistry; modern f-element chemistry, energy production and storage, and advances in conversion of biologically derived carbohydrates into chemical feedstocks and fuels. For his internationally recognized research, Gordon has been named a Fellow of the AAAS, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry and he also received a Los Alamos Fellows Prize for Leadership in Science. His research has resulted in fundamental discoveries, he has maintained a high level of achievements in programs important to the laboratory, and he has become a recognized international authority in his field. Gordon served as a group leader in the Chemistry Division before making a return to research in chemistry related to energy applications. He is also known for his strong mentorship, having served as mentor or co-mentor for 19 post-doctoral researchers, five of them becoming successful and independent Laboratory staff members. Gordon was recognized for this with a 2011 Exceptional Mentor Award.
Jaqueline Kiplinger is a recognized pioneer in uranium and thorium chemistry, and her research has significantly expanded the broad understanding of actinide and lanthanide chemical bonding and reactivity. Her synthetic innovations, often accomplished through chemistry previously thought impossible, have been adopted by researchers around the world. For her internationally recognized work, Kiplinger has been named a Fellow of both the Royal Society of Chemistry (FRSC) and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). She has received the Los Alamos Fellows Prize for Research, and most significantly, she was just awarded the American Chemical Society’s 2015 F. Albert Cotton Award in Synthetic Inorganic Chemistry. Kiplinger’s scientific achievements have been paralleled by her 15 years of dedicated service to the Laboratory. Her innovative “green” methods for preparing actinide materials have earned two R&D 100 Awards and two NNSA Best-in-Class Pollution Prevention Awards. Kiplinger’s sustained excellence in mentoring numerous students and postdocs has been recognized by Los Alamos’ Student Distinguished Mentor Award, STAR Award, and Postdoc Distinguished Mentor Award.
David Moore’s laser shock experiments have opened the field of materials at extremes in pressure and temperature to a wide range of researchers. He has made it possible to study shocked materials in research labs with tabletop lasers, as well as to use de minimus quantities of materials to map out their equations of state under extreme conditions. Moore has contributed also to the lab through a continuous record of community service through mentoring and committee work, exemplified by Fellowship in the American Physical Society and International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, as well as a Los Alamos Fellows Prize for Leadership. He has contributed to national security through his work on explosives detection and by his work with a team initiating the lab’s homemade explosives course. Moore has performed high-impact work on national security in both the weapons program and the threat reduction directorate.
Mark Chadwick, from the Lab’s Applied Computational Physics Division, attained worldwide recognition for his contributions in nuclear physics. He has made important contributions to the evolution of nuclear science, supported by his nuclear models and cross section databases. Chadwick’s work has been applied in stockpile stewardship, nuclear-engineering and reactor safety and global security. His work also aided the development of medical technologies for radiation therapy. Chadwick’s nuclear physics work supports collaboration among the national laboratories, and he chairs national and international nuclear data efforts. Chadwick was awarded the Department of Energy’s E.O. Lawrence award for advancing an understanding of fission product yields and other key nuclear reactions resulting in the resolution of a long-standing problem in national security. An exceptional leader, Chadwick has organized 11 international conferences, and has over 110 peer-reviewed papers that have received 5000 citations —including one journal article that alone has been cited more than 900 times. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society.
Cheryl Kuske, environmental microbiologist, built a world-renowned research program that touches many scientific areas important to Los Alamos National Laboratory: biothreat detection, climate change ecology, environmental bioremediation, microbial genetics and genomics and information science and technology. An international leader, Kuske is a pioneer in the field of microbial ecology, and her understanding of complex microbial communities in the environment led to major developments in biodefense and national security, including biothreat detection technologies that can be used in the field. Kuske’s expertise with difficult-to-culture and genetically diverse acidobacteria (abundant in soils) laid the foundation for important molecular research. Cited approximately 7000 times in articles in which she is often first author, she has continually supported scientific growth and success at the Laboratory, recruiting and mentoring many of our best young researchers. Kuske won the Laboratory’s Fellows Prize and Distinguished Patent awards.
Geoff Reeves is a well-known space physics leader who supports the mission of the Laboratory’s International Space and Response Division. This frequent international speaker and prolific author made Los Alamos space weather data available to the broad scientific community, supporting worldwide advances. His work has been cited more than 5,600 times. A Los Alamos Fellows Prize recipient, Reeves recently helped solve a 50-year-old space mystery about how electrons within Earth’s Van Allen radiation belts can become energetic enough to kill orbiting satellites. His research may help make space weather forecasting possible and accurate so satellites can be better protected. To further support integrated space situational awareness, Reeves also led a team that developed the Dynamic Radiation Environment Assimilation Model (DREAM) to predict hazards from the natural space environment or high-altitude nuclear explosions.
Frank Pabian, of the International Research and Analysis group, is internationally recognized for his support of global security. A geospatial and remote-sensing specialist, Pabian is renowned for developing and applying new methodologies and science-based solutions to nuclear nonproliferation. Pabian’s extensive nonproliferation intelligence and satellite-imagery analysis garnered notable awards from the Central Intelligence Agency (gold medal) and he was among the first analysts to be named to the Director of National Intelligence’s collaboration network Hall of Fame. He won multiple Distinguished Performance Awards from Los Alamos. In Iraq, Pabian served as Nuclear Chief Inspector for the United Nation’s International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). He helped locate, map and evaluate weapons of mass destruction development for the IAEA, and his work helped secure a Nobel Peace Prize for the nuclear watchdog.
Charles Farrar, of the Los Alamos National Security Education Center, is one of the preeminent structural health monitoring (SHM) pioneers in the world. SHM, a relatively new field, has evolved out of the traditional nondestructive evaluation method. However, while nondestructive evaluation tends to be a local inspection methodology usually accomplished with the system taken out of service, SHM focuses on continuous in situ monitoring of in-service systems on a larger scale. Farrar’s 305 publications and over 8,500 citations have made seminal contributions in understanding damage detection for aerospace, civil and mechanical infrastructure, new concepts in statistical pattern recognition, highlighting the impact of operational and environmental variability on SHM, and in predicting remaining system life based on SHM output. Farrar established the Los Alamos Dynamics Summer School and leads the Engineering Institute emphasizing education, research, and technology integration as a magnet for students, postdocs, technical staff, industrial partner, and external collaborators from around the world.
Steven Elliott, of the Physics division’s Neutron Science & Technology group, is a world leader in the physics field of weak interactions, one of the four fundamental forces of nature beside the strong nuclear force, magnetism and gravity. His work has been at the center of the discovery of neutrino mass—one of the most important discoveries in fundamental physics in the past several decades. With over 12,000 citations and as a Fellow of the American Physical Society, his work is recognized the world over.
Mikhail Shashkov, of Computational Physics Division’s Methods and Algorithms group, is a world-recognized leader in and developer of modern Arbitrary-Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) methods for high speed, multi-material flows that are the heart of Advanced Simulation and Computation (ACS) program for NNSA and Los Alamos weapons calculations. His research and methods are extensively used at top research institutions around the world. His advances in numerical methods for solving partial differential equations have been characterized as having more impact on the reliability and accuracy of large-scale PDE-based simulations at Los Alamos than any other advances in the past two decades. Since coming to the Laboratory in 1994 from Russia, he has over 250 publications and more than 3400 citations.
Bruce Carlsten, of the Accelerator andOperations Technology Division’s High-Power Electrodynamics Group, is a pioneer in the production and use of high-brightness electron beams with applications that span a range of Laboratory programs and which have found widespread usage worldwide. His discovery of techniques that have enabled unprecedented beam brightness has led to a new generation of intense free electron lasers, including the Laboratory’s Navy Free Electron Laser, and MaRIE, a premier X-ray FEL facility that is currently in design. These ideas are of such fundamental importance that virtually every free-electron laser in the world has embraced them. As group leader of High-Power Electrodynamics, he has overseen a rapid growth in beam-based applications at the Laboratory including microwave tube development and advanced acceleration concepts, owning six patents in these areas. An APS Fellow since 2005 and recipient of the 1999 Accelerator School Prize for Achievement in Accelerator Physics, Carlsten is recognized internationally as an expert in accelerator physics and is considered among the best and most influential accelerator and FEL physicists in the nation.
Brenda Dingus has pioneered work in gamma-ray bursts and is a major contributor to the relatively young scientific field of very-high-energy gamma-ray astronomy. As someone at the forefront of her field, she is described as being peerless. Dingus’s seminal contributions span two decades, from her discovery of the high-energy component of gamma-ray burst emissions to her current work developing the next generation of all-sky, ground-based gamma-ray detectors. In 2006 she was elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society, and in 2000 she received the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers. Dingus has more than 100 publications to her credit with more than 7,600 citations.
Mike Leitch, of the Subatomic Physics Group, is an internationally recognized leader in the study of nuclei and nuclear interactions involvingquarks and gluons. One of his letters of reference called labeled him "the" world expert on how binding a nucleon within a nucleus affects the nucleon’s ability to produce heavy quarks in high-energy collisions. He is recognized as the leading experimental expert on the effects of nuclear matter on production and propagation of bound states of heavy quark-antiquark pairs. Such pairs are a key probe tool of color screening in quark gluon plasma and have been discovered to be suppressed in high-energy heavy ion collisions. The fact that Leitch holds several of the most important scientific leadership roles within the PHENIXPhysics Working Group on heavy quarks demonstrates the high esteem in which the community holds him. He has given 45 invited talks, delivered several plenary lectures at top international conferences, and has over 200 publications with more than 13,000 citations (12 having more than 250 citations each). He was elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society in 2001.
Michael MacInnes, of the Applied Physics Improvised Foreign Design Group, is a leader in nuclear weapons evaluation who has developed and refined the science of weapons assessment, and introduced newdiagnostic capabilities into our evaluation arsenal. MacInnes’s deep understanding of the breadth of nuclear science, radiochemistry, weapons physics, and experimental science at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) and critical assembly facilities contributes consistently to weapons program requirements and global security programs. His insight into radiochemical analyses and development of new metrics utilizing available data from the test program has lead to new evaluation diagnostics, increasing the fidelity of radiochemistry as a tool. MacInnes represents one of a very few technical experts who has the stature to affect national policy relating to the evaluation of nuclear weapons. MacInnes received a Letter of Appreciation from Steven Aoki, deputy under secretary of energy for counterterrorism, for service as project leader for nuclear counterterrorism in 2010. He has contributed to numerous classified reports, publications and proceedings. MacInnes received the Defense Programs Award of Excellence recognition for contributions to the Stockpile Stewardship Program, the W-76 Dual Revalidation Project, and the Divider Radiochemical Diagnostics Project; a Lab Distinguished Performance Individual Award, a Lab Distinguished Performance Small Team Award as a member of the Fission Basis Team, and three Lab Distinguished Performance Large Team Awards as a member of the National Technical Nuclear Forensics (Attribution) Simulation Team, the Combined Nuclear Test Response Team, and the EDOTX forAttribution Team; the NNSA Recognition for Excellence; and two awards from the National Intelligence Council.
Richard Martin, of the Theoretical Division’s Physics and Chemistry of Materials Group, is an international leader in electronic structure theory of molecules and solids. He has done seminal work on electronic properties of actinides, transition metal complexes, and polymers using density functional theory, relativistic effective core potentials, and excited state theories. His groundbreaking density functional approaches are used in VASP, the most widely used suite of programs for band structure calculations of solids. He has 183 publications, 6 book chapters, and nearly 7,300 citations. He is a fellow of AAAS and received a DOE Award of Excellence (Pit Lifetime Assessment Team). He was a member of the DOE Advisory Team for the NWCHEM Review, a member of the NSF Alliance Allocations Board and the National Resource Allocations Committee, a panel member of several DOE/BES workshops, and editor of the Wiley Series in Theoretical Chemistry. Martin also is a consultant to DuPont. Bill Goddard (Caltech, NAS member) states that Martin "has proved to be a virtuoso in developing first principles quantum methods" and refers to him as "one of the best in the world for such difficult problems." Alfred Sattelberger (Argonne Associate Laboratory Director) affirms that Martin is "one of the key reasons that Los Alamos is regarded as the top chemistry organization in the entire DOE complex."
Amit Misra has had a tremendous impact on the field of structural materials. He has pioneered the development of metal nanostructured multilayers for a range of structural applications, and he has defined this class of materials as a critical platform for understanding the underlying principles that drive new discoveries. His work on plastic flow stability provided theinsight into the development of damage-tolerant nanocomposites that is being explored in the Energy Frontier Research Center at Materials and Irradiation Extremes, for which he serves as codirector. Misra has also explored thermal and irradiation stability of nanolayered materials. Through this work, he discovered that interfaces can trap and annihilate radiation-induced point defects, which has significant implications for the design of new radiationtolerant materials. Another important discovery made by Amit was his research on nanometer-spaced preferentially aligned twins in sputter-deposited face-centered cubic metals is expected to lead to the development of high tensile strength electrical conductors. His cumulative work earned him a 2008 Lab Fellows Prize for Research and has been published in more than 220 peer-reviewed journal articles (in excess of 2,400 citations) and five book chapters.
John Sarrao discovered the first plutonium-based superconductor, revolutionizing the field of actinide materials research. The discovery, coupled with Sarrao’s series of important discoveries of new materials and new physics, has made an enduring worldwide impact in condensed-matter physics. He is recognized for momentous contributions to the field of strongly-correlated electron systems. His work has generated great excitement in the materials physics community, and research efforts around the world have been redirected to build upon Sarrao’s discoveries. His work has been cited more than 6,000 times and he was distinguished as the Lab’s most published author every year between 2001 and 2007. Sarrao is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He received the Lab Fellows Prize for Outstanding Research in 2004. Sarrao now brings his exceptional creativity and scientific insight to bear as the lead for the Laboratory’s materials-centric future signature facility, MaRIE (Materials-Radiation Interactions in Extremes), which is intended to revolutionize the understanding of materials in extreme environments and conditions.
Dipen Sinha is known for his expertise over a wide range of disciplines, including low-temperature physics, ultra high-speed measurements, infrared detector arrays, organic thin films, biomedical instrumentation, acoustics, and geophysics. One of his major accomplishments is the development, refinement and exploitation of Swept Frequency Acoustic Interferometry (SFAI), a technique for noninvasive characterization of fluids. Applying theory and novel instrumentation, Sinha extended this technique to allow noninvasive interrogation of fluids in sealed containers. His work has enabled wide application of SFAI to national security missions, including chemical and biological warfare treaty verification, and rapid identification of chemical and biological warfare agents inside sealed munitions. In 2005, Scientific American identified his bioweapons detection work as one of the top five inventions in acoustics. Applying additional creative and innovative ideas to nonlinear acoustics, his work is being applied to remote landmine and concealed weapons detection. In the fields of medicine and biology Sinha’s work has led to development of the Acoustic Flow Cytometer, which recently was licensed by a pharmaceutical company for detection of and discrimination between benign and cancerous breast tumors. He has won three R&D 100 awards, the Lab Distinguished Licensing Award, and twice received the Distinguished Patent Award.
Giday Woldegabriel is co-leader of an international research team responsible for discovering the oldest nearly intact skeleton of Ardipithecus Ramidus, who lived 4.4 million years ago. “Ardi” is the earliest skeleton known from the human branch of the primate family tree; its discovery provides new insights into how hominids may have emerged from an ancestral ape. The discovery and associated research were named Science magazine’s Breakthrough of the Year for 2009 and Time magazine’s number one science story of 2009. Woldegabriels’ key scientific contribution to this discovery is the geologic interpretation and geochronologic dating of the strata in which the fossils were found. Additionally, he was instrumental in facilitating the entire field investigation that enabled the discoveries and interpretation of the flora and fauna of the time period in which the early hominid existed. Woldegabriel’s most recent work includes invaluable geology-related contributions to multiple programs. His work has helped track migration of radionuclides in groundwater, geothermal energy exploration, and carbon management of fossil fuel combustion byproducts. His work has led to substantially increased understanding of the complex volcanic structure and evolution of the Pajarito Plateau and the Nevada Test Site. Woldegabriel received the Fellows Prize for Research in 2001, and has nearly 45 publications and about 1,500 citations to his credit.
Stephen A. Becker conducts research in astrophysics, weapons design, and intelligence assessment. He has participated in several nuclear tests, leading the design effort on four. His understanding of thermonuclear weapons design and interpretation of radiochemical diagnostics is recognized by colleagues nationally and internationally. Becker also has made major contributions to the Stockpile Stewardship program and has had a major impact on his scientific field through analysis of nuclear deterrence.
Joachim Birn studies complex plasma physics phenomena and reconnection, particularly in the Earth's magnetosphere and solar corona. His development of a physical model of the static terrestrial magnetotail and the most comprehensive magnetohydrodynamic computational model for the dynamic magnetotail are used as benchmarks for many calculations of magnetotail dynamics. His research has been valuable to the Laboratory's nuclear-test-detection satellite programs, and his work is significantly increasing the accuracy of predictions for the behavior of energetic electrons from high-altitude nuclear explosions.
Lowell S. Brown has made many contributions to physics, from quantum field theory and particle and nuclear physics to gravitation and astrophysics, cold atom traps, and fully ionized plasmas. His research has spanned an era from the rise of ion beam science to current breakthroughs in nanoscience. His textbook on quantum field theory is quickly becoming a classic.
Patrick L. Colestock is an expert in basic and applied plasma physics and the physics of intense charged-particle beams. He has made pioneering contributions to the historic cyclotron resonance heating experiments on the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor and the Princeton Large Torus. He also helped optimize the performance of the Main Ring and Tevatron at Fermilab.
Tom Picraux is known internationally for the use of energetic ion beams for the characterization of materials, as well as for his advances in surface processing and epitaxy. Using his quantitative ion beam analysis developments, he and his group pioneered the use of surface probes of the plasma edge to diagnose conditions in U.S. and European tokamak experiments in fusion energy. He and his colleagues pioneered the field of ion implantation metallurgy, creating a standard process for fabrication in the semiconductor industry.
Toni Taylor is a pioneer in electromagnetic metamaterials, terahertz science and technology, and applying coherent control techniques to ultrafast optics, which provide unique insight into condensed-matter physics. She has made key contributions in the exploration of basic properties of superconductors through ultrafast techniques, made important demonstrations of exquisite control of phase and amplitude in ultrafast pulses leading to coherent control of propagation in fibers, and has contributed to novel metamaterial concepts leading to devices with unique dielectric properties.
Robert C. Albers is an internationally recognized expert on the role of electronic structures on the physical properties of complex materials. His pioneering work has greatly contributed to the Laboratory's leadership in understanding the electronic structures of actinides and other metals and alloys.
Paul A. Johnson is recognized as a driving force behind a new field of research: nonlinear, nonequilibrium dynamics. Recently, he became widely known for research that showed how earthquakes can trigger one another, sometimes long after the original event has subsided.
Kurt E. Sickafus is among the world's leading experts in understanding the effects of radiation on solid materials. His research has led to development of predictive models for radiation susceptibility in a wide range of oxide materials and has helped identify substances that are particularly radiation tolerant.
James Mercer-Smith is widely recognized for his scientific insight, deep technical understanding, and pivotal contributions to the field of nuclear weapons.
Roman Movshovich is an internationally recognized leader in low temperature physics whose scientific acumen and innovative thinking have led to signficiant discoveries and critical insight in elucidating the properties of strongly correlated electron and heavy fermion systems.
Harvey Rose has a sustained record of contributions in plasma physics, fluid dynamics, and statistical physics.
Richard Sheffield is internationally recognized for his contributions to the development of ultra-high brightness beams and free electron lasers.
Petr Chylek is a world-recognized expert in optical sciences, aerosol physics, atmospheric science, and climate change research.
Keith H. Despain has made sustained, high-level achievements in nuclear weapons programs, is a recognized authority in weapons design, and has provided distinguished and exemplary service to Laboratory programs.
Rajan Gupta is a leading figure in the international high-energy physics community, having made pathbreaking contributions to the development of lattice quantum chromodynamics and computational high-energy physics.
Joyce Guzik has a sustained record of high-quality contributions to the nuclear weapons program and has produced a substantial body of internationally recognized work in astrophysics. She is also recognized for her work on stellar evolution and pulsation.
Jane E. (Beth) Nordholt has an international reputation in space science, having developed mass spectrometry and concentrator instrumentation deployed on the NASA Cassini, Deep Space 1, and Genesis missions. In addition, she has made substantial, high-level contributions to intelligence community programs and is recognized and acknowledged for work in quantum cryptology.
Alexander Balatsky is a world-renowned expert in the theory of high-temperature superconductivity, heavy fermion systems, and nanoscience. He developed a theory of impurities in unconventional superconductors, which was recently validated in scanning-tunneling microscope experiments; he was instrumental in developing new local spectroscopic techniques for these systems. He has published over 100 papers that have been cited over 2500 times.
Michael Baskes developed an important new theoretical approach to predict the behavior of metals and alloys, including transition metals and actinides in the solid, liquid, and amorphous states. He has been able to simulate and predict the behavior of materials surprising well, ranging from the diffusion of hydrogen in metals to the phase stability of Pu and Pu-Ga alloys as well as modeling the plasticity of polycrystalling metals.
Andrew Hime is one of the leading physicists in the world in the field of weak interactions. His recent work has led to the discovery of neutrino mass one of the most important discoveries in physics during the past several decades. Indeed, it is unusual to be a principal author of the most cited article in a calendar year (2003) in all of science. His papers have over 3600 citations. Among Hime s other credits is the resolution of the
17-keV neutrino anomaly.
John Singleton is the world-renowned expert in the field of experimental condensed matter physics. He has made seminal contributions in organic low-dimensional conductors, semiconductors, and magnetic materials. He has pioneered several new experimental techniques using magnetic fields. He also produced the first evidence for inhomogeneous superconductivity (the Larkin-Ovchinnikov-Fulde-Ferrell state).
James Theiler has been critical to the success of the key remote sensing programs at the Laboratory, being the lead theoretical developer of the GENIE algorithm and instrumental in correcting motion problems in ALEXIS. He is lead author on a series of highly cited papers that introduce the surrogate data method, which has now become a widespread and standard tool in Nonlinear Time Series Analysis. He played an important role in tracking the history of the HIV virus. He has 132 publications that have been cited over 3000 times.
Gary Wall is a leader in the nuclear weapons program, developing primaries that incorporate insensitive high explosives, a major safety enhancement. He was the lead designer for several nuclear tests and a member of the design team for 25 additional tests. He was a member of the original design teams certifying the W76, W80, and B61 systems, three of the five systems in the US stockpile. He is also a leading weapons expert external to the Laboratory (e.g., JASONS, STRATCOM, JOWOG s, NNSA, DoD, and a charter member of the Nuclear Emergency Search Team).
Dan Winske is recognized for his seminal and definitive work in the field of basic plasma physics and its application to both laboratory and space plasmas. He is widely considered to be a founding father of hybrid simulations of space plasmas, and his codes are among the most widely used and emulated tools for the study of intermediate scale dynamics in these media. He has been instrumental in the Laboratory s efforts to understand the effects of nuclear explosions in space and he has made significant contributions to uncovering the effects of plasma turbulence on the early expansion phase of nuclear explosions in the ionosphere.
Alan Bishop was recognized for his major contributions in the areas of solitons and low-dimensional materials, quantum complexity, nonlinear excitations in structural and magnetic transitions, collective excitations in low-dimensional materials, and complex electronic materials with strong spin-charge-lattice coupling.
Joseph A. Carlson was honored for his pioneering efforts in the field of the theoretical simulation of the properties of light nuclei and for developing numerical techniques accurate enough to test all significant components of the nuclear force.
Richard I. Epstein was selected for his pioneering efforts in high-energy astrophysics-cosmic rays, neutron stars, and gamma-ray bursts; nuclear astrophysics-supernova and the origin of elements; and his substantial contributions to the field of optical cooling of solid-state media.
Byron B. Goldstein was recognized for his contributions in the field of mathematical immunology and cell biology, specifically in modeling cell signaling cascades, pursuing cutting-edge research in cell activation, cell-signaling, cell surface receptor-ligand interactions, and the generation of allergic responses.
Victor I. Klimov was recognized for his ground-breaking research in the area of semiconductor nanocrystal quantum-dot photophysics, including his seminal contributions to the field of quantum dots, both in time domain studies of ultrafast energy transfer and Auger processes, as well as in the development of the quantum dot laser.
Brad A. Meyer was honored for his substantial contributions in the mission-critical area of gas transfer systems needed by the nuclear weapons program.
Dimitri Mihalas (1939-2013), a pioneer in astrophysical computational physics, was named a Lab Fellow for his contributions in the fields of radiation transport, radiation hydrodynamics, and astrophysical quantitative spectroscopy.
Carol J. Burns was honored for her seminal contributions to transition metal and actinide coordination and organometallic chemistry. Burns has a number of "firsts" which have resulted in her international reputation, including the preparation and characterization of the first uranium (VI) monoxo compounds and first reactive uranium imido complexes, and uranium phosphinidenes. The 2003 Fellows Prize recently recognized the importance of this work and its impact on the field of actinide chemistry.
R. Brian Dyer was named Laboratory Fellow for having attained international recognition in the application of time resolved vibrational spectroscopy to protein folding, the functional dynamics of redox metalloproteins and electron transfer reactions of inorganic model compounds. Dyer's impact on these fields is perhaps most notable in his work on protein folding, where he developed techniques that now allow for the study of early events in protein folding.
Robert S. Hixson was named for his exceptional basic and applied research in shockwave physics. He has spent the last two and a half decades focusing on experiments to determine the equations of state and constitutive properties of materials under extreme conditions. His work on the shock response of plutonium has been an essential element of stockpile stewardship and he played a leading role in the design and implementation of a gas-gun capability for plutonium at Technical Area 55.
Quanxi Jia, working in the areas of superconductivity, magnetic materials and thin-films, has conducted pioneering research in complex oxide thin film growth and is a recognized leader in the field of electronic device fabrication. Some of his important contributions include the development of high-performance Josephson Junctions in superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDS) and the invention of fabrication methods for multi-layer thin films used to develop novel microwave devices.
Nicholas S. P. King was selected as a Laboratory Fellow for his outstanding and sustained contributions to the Nuclear Weapons Programs at Los Alamos over the past 20 years. He is internationally recognized as the developer of PINEX (Pinhole Imaging Neutron Experiment) that allowed, for the first time, the imaging of nuclear reactions in flight in underground nuclear tests. His work pioneered a series of imaging techniques that have revolutionized measurements in the nuclear weapons program.
Michael M. Nieto has made significant contributions to several areas of physics including particle physics, quantum mechanics, and astrophysics. His work has influenced both theoreticians and experimentalists and is nationally and internationally recognized. In addition to his personal scientific contributions, Nieto also has contributed to the Laboratory by encouraging numerous collaborations and inspiring a league of young scientists.
Arthur F. Voter was named Laboratory Fellow for research on increasing the power and quality of atomistic simulation methods. In particular, his work on methods for accelerating molecular dynamics (hyperdynamics and temperature-accelerated dynamics) have allowed the world to perform materials simulations on much longer time-scales than has previously been possible -- time scales at which processes such as metallic surface diffusion, protein or polymer folding and surface growth occur.
L. Boulaevskii spent the first two-thirds of his career in the former Soviet Union where he earned a international reputation in condensed matter theory.
H. A. Crissman was recognized both for his role in the development of the widely used flow cytometry technique and his expertise in cell biology.
S. P. Gary is one of the world's foremost authorities on space plasma instabilities.
G. T. (Rusty) Gray was honored for his record of achievement in the weapons materials program and international recognition as an authority in high strain rate and shock wave physics.
B. T. Korber is a noted authority in the field of molecular evolution and immunology with particular expertise in evolution of HIV and SIV viruses.
J. D. Bdzil was named Laboratory Fellow for having attained international recognition in the field of detonation theory. His work has had an impact on many of the important theoretical developments in detonation theory over the last 30 years. Bdzil's detonation shock dynamics method has become the recognized standard for highly accurate numerical modeling of detonation in high-explosive systems. This work has improved the Laboratory's ability to model the behavior of complex explosive systems.
D. L. Clark was named for his exceptional work in the structural inorganic and environmental chemistries of the actinides and his stewardship of the Seaborg Institute at Los Alamos. He is recognized internationally for his efforts to bring state-of-the-art molecular science concepts in structural characterization and theory of inorganic chemistry to the chemistry of the actinide elements. The most notable example of these efforts has been Clark's involvement in the development of a new research field known as molecular environmental science where molecular level understanding is used to unravel the fate and transport of actinide ions in the environment.
P. J. Jackson was recognized for his creative, highly regarded research in the fields of molecular and cellular biology and his recent efforts in the area of biological threat reduction. He is responsible for developing novel applications and pioneering research tools used in the field including polymerase chain reaction-based and amplified fragment length polymorphism-based methods for the rapid detection and unambiguous identification of biological threat agents and other human and animal pathogens. Jackson came to Los Alamos as a Director's Funded Postdoctoral Fellow. He was awarded the Laboratory's Distinguished Patent Award in 1990 and is the co-author on five U.S. patents.
T. C. Terwilliger was recognized for his outstanding work in the development of the computer program SOLVE, which enables the creation of automated solutions of protein crystal structures from x-ray diffraction data sets. He also has been a leader in the development of a new field called "structural genomics," which aims to discover the three-dimensional shapes of all proteins in nature. He is the leader of a worldwide consortium of more than 250 scientists applying the ideas of structural genomics to find new anti-tuberculosis drugs by identifying the structures of proteins from mycobacterium tuberculosis. Terwilliger is an American Academy of Arts and Sciences Fellow and a recipient of the Presidential Young Investigator Award, a 1998 R&D 100 Award, and a Los Alamos Distinguished Copyright Award.
J. D. Thompson was honored for his efforts in discovering and understanding uncoventional forms of superconductivity and magnetism that have contributed substantially to Los Alamos' reputation as a center of world-class materials research. Thompson is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and has received awards for his work from the Laboratory, the Department of Energy, and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. He is one of the top 150 most frequently cited physicists in the world.
M. M. Wood-Schultz was honored for major contributions to the Laboratory's nuclear weapons program, particularly for her work in weapons certification both before and after the cessation of nuclear testing. She has distinguished herself as a foremost expert on the physics certification of the secondaries of nuclear weapons and is widely recognized for her important contributions in nuclear weapons intelligence. She has served as a long-time steward of a stockpiled thermonuclear weapon system and in that capacity has pioneered the technical management of emerging weapons issues.
L. A. Collins received the title of Laboratory Fellow in recognition of his status as a much-published, heavily cited author, and innovator of several widely used techniques in the computation of electron-molecule interactions and properties of dense plasmas. A Fellow of the American Physical Society, Collins has been an Associate Editor of Physical Review A since 1994 and is a driving force behind the Los Alamos Summer School in Physics, serving as its director since 1992.
P. C. Hammel was recognized for his creative, highly regarded research in the competitive field of high-temperature superconductivity. Also a Fellow of the American Physical Society, Hammel received the Los Alamos Fellows Prize in 1995 for his frequently cited work elucidating the microphysics of copper-based high-temperature superconductors.
R. J. Hughes was named for having attained international recognition in the field of quantum information science. A Fellow of the American Physical Society known for his efforts in quantum cryptography and quantum computing, Hughes received the Los Alamos Fellows Prize in 1997 for his quantum information research, which brought quantum cryptography from a laboratory curiosity to a fieldable demonstration.
M. Nastasi has developed a new method for surface modification of materials called plasma immersion ion processing, and received, among other awards, the 1995 Los Alamos Fellows Prize for his extensive research on ion-solid interactions. Nastasi is co-author of a widely used textbook, "Ion Beam Processing: Fundamentals and Applications," and edits a handbook on ion beam materials analysis.
A. Arko received the title of Laboratory Fellow in recognition for pioneering an entirely new means for studying the electronic structure of plutonium, developing the Laser Plasma Light Source, and his landmark achievements in the field of high-temperature superconductivity.
S. Chen was recognized for his breakthroughs in simulating turbulent flows, which have advanced the field of direct numerical simulation and understanding of turbulence at the deepest level.
S. Gottesfeld has attained international recognition in the field of fuel cell technology, including the first complete treatment of the basic elements of water management in fuel cells.
S. Lamoreaux was recognized for his many important, pioneering experimental studies of fundamental symmetries using neutrons and atoms and his successful first observation of the Casimir force.
R. P. Weaver was recognized for his efforts to improve the predictive capability of radiation-hydrodynamics calculations and his standing as one of the foremost experts in the physics of thermonuclear weapons, both of which are widely acknowledged throughout both the national and international scientific communities.
E. E. Fenimore is a recognized authority in gamma-ray imaging, gamma-ray burst astrophysics, and treaty verification. His early patent of Uniformly Redundant Arrays, a high-energy imaging technique based on coded apertures, has become the standard technique for astronomical observations between 10 kilovolts and 1 megavolts. He also is widely recognized for his dedication to attracting and mentoring a wide range of students.
J. G. Hills has made large contributions to Laboratory and international programs in astrophysics, interplanet science, and asteroid interdiction. He also is recognized worldwide as one of the major authorities in the field of stellar dynamics and has made seminal contributions to the quantitative understanding of interactions between binary and single stars in clusters.
J. M. Moss, who also recently received the prestigious Tom W. Bonner Prize, the highest honor given by the Division of Nuclear Physics in the American Physical Society, has made many contributions in the field of nuclear physics. His work has provided a great deal of insight into the sea quark distribution in nuclei and is generally regarded as one of the truly important research efforts in nuclear physics.
D. H. White is an internationally recognized expert in the field of neutrino physics and has been a major force in the area of low-energy neutrino interactions the past two decades. His work on the Liquid Scintillator Neutron Detector neutrino oscillation experiment has been cited as potentially one of the most important neutrino experiments of the decade.
R. F. Benjamin has achieved significant accomplishments in inertial confinement fusion, fluid interfaces and shock waves, and other areas.
R. E. Ecke is an expert in such areas as pattern formation in rotation convection and turbulence in convection.
R. A. Forster was recognized for developing new algorithms that make detailed photon radiography possible and performing the first weapons-converted production code and algorithms.
W. C. Priedhorsky was recognized for the conception and creation of the Array of Low-energy X-ray Imaging Sensors (ALEXIS).
M. F. Thomsen is a world-renown expert on the radiation belts of Jupiter, Earth's magnetosphere, and other areas of space physics.
M. G. Tuszewski is a recognized world leader in the field of plasma science, including magnetically confined plasmas for nuclear fusion and inductively-coupled plasmas.
B. H. Wilde is one of the foremost experts in nuclear weapons design and the physics of thermonuclear weapon operations.
J. M. Pedicini
D. L. Smith
J. C. Solem
W. H. Zurek
A. W. Charmatz
G. A. Glatzmaier
J. H. Jett
J. L. Kammerdiener
J. J. Petrovic
D. D. Strottman
T. J. Bowles
J. N. Ginocchio
A. R. Jacobson
P. W. Milonni
J. R. Nix
N. S. Nogar
R. B. Schwarz
G. W. Swift
J. L. Anderson
T. P. Wangler
P. G. Young
C. D. Bowman
J. T. Gosling
P. J. Hay
F. N. Mortensen
M. B. Johnson
T. E. Mitchell
A. S. Perelson
J. W. Shaner
B. I. Swanson
P. O. Judd
W. H. Woodruff
J. K. Dukowicz
J. L. Friar
R. W. Klebesadel
J. L. Parker
G. T. Schappert
J. W. Taylor
D. J. Dudziak
J. W. Gordon
D. D. Holm
R. G. H. Robertson
W. C. Feldman
W. B. Goad
G. J. Kubas
R. G. Keepin
N. H. Krikorian
G. A. Baker
J. U. Brackbill
A. A. Browman
A. N. Cox (1927-2013)
L. R. Gurley
E. M. Jones
L. H. Jones
R. A. Keller
N. A. Kurnit
H. R. Lewis
J. D. Louck
J. L. Lyman
R. S. McDowell
H. O. Menlove
R. L. Mills
C. J. Orth
R. T. Pack
R. C. Slansky
B. K. Swartz
D. C. Wallace
J. W. Ward
P. P. Whalen
W. J. Worlton
R. D. Cowan
W. C. Davis
C. M. Fowler
C. L. Mader
J. A. Phillips
R. M. Potter
J. L. Smith
T. F. Stratton
J. B. Wilhelmy
S. J. Bame
D. W. Barr
J. D. Bowman
H. C. Britt
R. L. Burman
J. D. Doll
D. W. Forslund
G. E. Hansen
J. D. Knight
G. H. McCall
A. G. Petschek
M. R. Raju
R. N. Rogers